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What is Sanitary Ware? Definition & Meaning

Drainboard Sinks

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Sanitary ware is an umbrella term that refers to sanitary appliances found in the toilets, bathrooms, and kitchen. Thus, a sanitary ware is any product that works with pipes and fixed by a plumber. It refers to toilet sinks, kitchen sinks, washbasins, cisterns, urinals, and pedestals.

Traditionally, sanitary wares were manufactured using porcelain. This is a material produced by heating Vitreous china to temperatures above 12000C. It is usually resistant to chemical attack and has a glossy surface making it easy to maintain.

However, with the advancement in technology, Porcelain is no longer the only material used for producing sanitary wares. Glass, metals, granite, plastic, and other materials are now used for the production of sanitary wares.

While there has been an increase in the materials for producing this ware, not all the above-stated materials are ideal. Below are some properties that sanitary ware should possess.

Properties of Good Sanitary Wares

Low Water Absorption: As we stated earlier in this article, sanitary ware is an appliance used mostly in the kitchen, toilet, and bathroom. Most kitchen sinks materials are popular for a low water absorption rate. This is necessary because water is the main component used in kitchen sinks hence, one that cannot withstand water is not good.

A sanitary ware with a high-water absorption capacity is a poor ware. This would lead to damage and waste of scarce water resources. A good sanitary ware should have a water absorption capacity of less than 0.5%. This ensures ware durability while helping to conserve water resources.

Granite composite is a good sanitary ware material. A kitchen sink made from granite composite has a low water absorption capacity. Absorbing less than 0.5% of total water volume in the sink.

Ability to withstand heavy load: This is another important quality of sanitary ware. In the kitchen, the sink is an extension of the countertop.

A granite countertop needs a complementary similar composite kitchen sink. We keep kitchen utensils and plates in the sink after use. If kitchen sanitary ware is unable to withstand the load placed on it, it would lead to an eventual crack or damage.

A sanitary ware should be able to carry a load of a minimum of 400kg. This is to ensure that it does not crack or get damaged when exposed to heavy load.

Granite composite is made from a mixture of granite and resin. This makes this material an excellent sanitary ware material, because it has high tensile strength.

Good Glossy Surface for Easy Cleaning: Accumulation of dirt on any surface makes it untidy. This is especially true for sanitary wares. A sanitary ware should be healthy and clean at every point.

When such ware is difficult to clean, it leads to an eventual accumulation of dirt. This is especially true for Kitchen ware. This makes the granite composite material ideal for kitchen sink production. It is glossy, does not stain and easy to maintain.

Materials with a glossy surface are ideal for use in the production of sanitary wares. This is to ensure the ware is easy to clean and maintain.

What Products Are Termed, Sanitary Wares?

Below are a list of kitchen, bathroom, and toilet accessories under the umbrella sanitary wares;

  • EWCs(European Water Closets)
  • Wash hand Basins
  • Urinals
  • Kitchen sinks
  • Electronic flushing systems
  • Cisterns
  • Bath Accessories
  • Seat covers

These are products used in the kitchen, bathroom, and toilet. The material used for the production of these accessories, all have the above-listed properties.

Having examined the properties of good sanitary ware, let us take a look at the qualities a good sanitary ware must possess.

Qualities of good sanitary ware

A few features seen in quality sanitary ware differentiates them from poor ones. These features include

Ease of Installation and Usage

Why buy complicated sanitary ware when a simpler one is available? One tip you should always remember is, the simpler the installation method, the simpler it is to use. When shopping for sanitary wares, you must ask your dealer questions as regards ease of installation.

The ease of installation also saves you money. Sanitary wares with complex installation procedures involve hiring a professional installer. This would increase the total cost of getting the sink. Granite composite kitchen sinks are easy to install. They do not require the presence of a professional.

granite composite sink

Sanitary Ware Finish

The finish of your sanitary ware is the coat on its surface. The color on the surface of the ware should be a factor of where the ware is used. The product used in the bathroom or toilet should have a white finish. This is to give these areas of the home a pristine appearance.

A white kitchen sink is not ideal. This is because cooking occurs in the kitchen. Cooking involves grease and excessive grease stain on the sink could mar sink color permanently.

Granite composite material has the color of the stone. This makes it ideal for the production of kitchen sinks. Sink made from this material blends perfectly with the kitcyhen space.

When buying sanitary ware, inspect for dull spots and pinholes. These small holes grow into bigger ones that could be hazardous in the future.


Quality sanitary ware is durable and does not prone. Making sanitary wares using subpar techniques and ceramic makes them crack fast. One way to know if a sanitary ware is of high quality is to check for its ISO-certified Label. This label is an indicator that the product passes the highest industry standards for quality sanitary ware.

Sanitary wares are long-term home fixtures. This is why you must ensure you are getting a durable ware. This is to ensure that it serves for a long time. When buying a kitchen sink, durability should be on the forefront of your mind. This is because you would use this material every day.


Conservation is the current world trend. Recently it has become paramount we conserve natural resources. Water is a natural resource of high importance, and wasting it harms the environment. We use water on sanitary wares. For washing hands in the basin, for flushing the toilet, for washing dishes in the kitchen. All these processes utilize water.

A quality sanitary ware should help you effectively manage water. For kitchen sinks, ware should have a low absorption capacity and a good slope. An ideal sink plug ensures water stored in the sink does not drain.

A sanitary ware with a high water absorption capacity would deteriorate faster, reducing the ware’s life span. This means you use it for a shorter time frame before it needs replacement.


A good sanitary ware has to be a reliable appliance. This is because we use them every day. In the bathroom, kitchen, and toilet.

Buying quality sanitary ware is the first step to enjoying your sanitary spaces. This article examines the properties of a good sanitary sink. It also sheds light on the qualities you should look out for when in the market for a new sink.

Artemis Kuang

Artemis Kuang

I am a product specialist in granite composite sinks (quartz sinks) at I have been in this industry for over 8 years.

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